In practice, however, things are not quite so idyllic. Party discipline forces many MP's (supposedly free from coercement) to vote against their principles. Flouting party discipline is a strong sign of independence and principled representation, but it will fast-track a political career to nowhere. There are not many who will ignore party discipline, if it means an end to a well-paid job.
In a healthy democracy, parties that so conspicuously neglect their mandate and ignore and belittle the voters would disappear just as soon as the next elections come around. But on a number of issues that is too big by far, Dutch political parties are in agreement on principle, even has much sound and fury is being made of the superficial differences. In too many areas voters simply have but one choice, on too many issues the Netherlands is a one-party state: Social-democrat, pro-EUnion, pro-immigration, anti-tax-reduction (yes, even the conservative liberal VVD do not lose any sleep over increasing the tax burden even more).
Then there is the matter of representation. In practice we see all to often MPs representing the party to which they belong, the policies set out by the barons and the demands made by lobbies and pressure groups. The wishes of the voters, of us citizens hardly factor, it seems. One only has to point to the dramatic result of the Dutch referendum of the EUnions Constitutional Treaty. Even has 80-85% of Second Chamber parliamentarians were for the treaty, a full 63% of the electorate voted against.
Not that this is the only instance when parliament went against the will of the people, went against election manifestos even. A majority of the Dutch did bot want to be part of the eurozone, yet I have that most dreadful currency in my wallet. Most Dutch did not want to have a blanket smoking ban in bars and restaurants, but the EUnion and various anti-smoking NGO's prevailed. A majority of the Dutch sees mass immigration as the biggest mistake in history, yet even the PVV, for all intents and purposes part of our local government, is not able to put a dent into the large numbers of ill-educated fortune-seekers crossing our borders. Neither do the Dutch want to spend any money on the financial debauchery perpetrated by the grasshopper nations within the eurozone, or the immorally risk-prone banks that supported them. Yet what started out with a 'mere' 4 billion for Greece, sees the Dutch now collectively on the hook for up to 100 billion in guarantees. And do not get me started on the
We, as citizens, have precious little say anymore about how we want our country, our lives governed. We've been made powerless by a complex of parliamentary 'democracy' that is beholden to industry, NGO's and various tranzi organisation, notably the EUnion. However, our current form of 'democracy' is not there for us. We only provide the legitimization of our government, because we vote. But our vote, the intent with which we vote, means apparently very little. Political parties take the votes and run, doing as they please, without us having the means to rectify derelict governance. There has to be an alternative.
This weekend saw a very good post by Witterings from Witney: There is a better way.... It is a thorough and systematic, yet incredibly passionate argument for the implementation of the type of direct democracy as practised in Switzerland.
It will be obvious from my 'Constitution' posts and also, to a lesser extent from the post questioning Indirect or Direct Democracy, that I favour a direct democracy such as that practised by Switzerland - one which places the people in control of their own destinies and reduces the role of politicians to one of being 'enablers'. My one addition to the form of democracy used in Switzerland would encompass the idea of 'bolting on' the idea of "Referism" as proposed by Richard North, EU Referendum, for national budgets - which is not the case in Switzerland.For an idea of how Switzerland's democracy works, see here, here and here.
The point of direct democracy, especially in combination with Referism, is to place the power firmly where it belongs in a healthy democracy: With us, the people. And not just on big issues of the day either. The core idea of Referism is to give the people power of the budget. To let us, and not our leaders, hold the purse strings. The one that pays the piper, calls the tunes. In a democracy, it is the people that are supposed the call the tunes. Presently that is not the case.
Think of Referism in this way: On or before the third Tuesday of September (for foreign readers: This is the date of the Dutch version of Budget Day: Prinsjesdag) the government publishes it's intended budget. After a period of, say, three weeks, a referendum is held, seeking the approval of the population. A simple 'Yes' or 'No' vote. If 'Yes' (maybe given a certain quorum, say a turnout of at least 30%) so much the better. If 'No' the government will be forced to redo the budget.
The idea is to implement this not only on the national level, but also (and maybe more importantly) on the local level. This give you a determined say in which services your local government provides and which it does not. It will put an end to ever rising local taxes and levies. But its effects will be more profound then mere financial and fiscal issues. Having to reckon with the public approval of the budget forces governments on all levels to rethink their policies, to hew more closely to the wishes of citizens.
With regard to this form of direct democracy there are a few caveats. Dr. North takes a critical look at WfW's proposal in Direct Democracy. The obvious counter-argument against direct democracy is of course Adolf Hitler and his abuse of the popular vote to get rid of democracy altogether. This is one of the reasons contemporary Germans are so reluctant to permit the routine use of referendums, he writes.
The point is well-taken. If any system of direct democracy is to be implemented, some thought must go into which issues lend themselves for public consultation and which bear a little more caution, some safe-guards against public sentiments riled up to dangerously irrational levels. It is not a perfect system. But... On the face of it, it is a better system then the sham-democracy we are living now, I think.
Whichever the system we chose to support, we must realize it is a means to an end. What we need is a clear definition of the end. And here I agree with Dr. North that what I want is as little government as possible. Yes, those in honest need should be able to count on community support. There are aspects of our well-fare system I think are eminently valuable and worthwhile. But government interference with ones daily life is reaching levels of intrusion that are downright obnoxious. A government that wants to force us to allow logging our energy consumption of a quarter-hourly basis is overstepping its bounds by a mile or two. As Dr. North writes (emphasis mine - KV):
What we need is restraint, a system one which makes government physically difficult, keeping externally-imposed rules to the minimum, and forcing people to deal with and settle their own problems – as far as is possible – without external interference.We must remember that our current parliamentary system was set up to curb the powers of the monarch. In this it has been spectacularly successful. The downside, however, is that with regard to the reigns of power, parliament has supplanted the monarch. Or rather: Politics, political parties have supplanted the monarch. And who will curb the power of the parties? That is supposed to be us, but we've been robbed of that power.
Dwelling on this further, what one must emphasise is that for the bulk of our daily activities, we do not need government – we do not need leadership, we do not need governors, rulers or leaders. It is one of the myths perpetrated by the ruling élites that we need them to take such an enormous part in our lives.
The first and most important requirement of any new or improved system of government, therefore, is the ability of us, the people, to reduce the amount of government. As an individual or part of a collective, I have no desire to rule my fellow man – insofar as I want power, it is the power to prevent other people telling me what to do, and then charging me for the privilege.
It is time to retake that power. The thinking on this is by no means finished. But as a starting point I think both the post by Wittering from Witney and the reply by Richard North provide sufficient food for thought. I really urge you to read them both. In full.